Anselme Mutuyimana

On the 9th of March 2019, 30-year-old Anselme Mutuyimana, personal 
assistant of a leading politician Mrs Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza, 
president of the United Democratic Forces party, was found murdered by 
strangulation, a recipe of the murder in a hotel in South Africa of 
Colonel Patrick Karegeya critic of donor darling President Kagame, on 
New Year eve 2014. Unlike Patrick Karegeya he was taken in broad 
daylight at around 1:30 GMT in view of people at Mahoko Taxi Park by 
uniformed men who reassured him that he was taken for questioning. His 
body was found dumped in Gishwati forest. According to eye witnesses, he 
arrived at Mahoko car taxi around 1:00 GMT on board taxi from the 
capital Kigali. He rented a motorcycle taxi then a red pickup, without 
car plate numbers, came to block his way. Two plain clothed men came out 
of this vehicle and tried to bundle him into the pickup. He resisted and 
managed to escape their hold, but uniformed officers came out of the 
same vehicle and ordered him to obey orders to enter the pickup. He did 
not resist because he knew he was innocent and thought it could a matter 
a mistaken identity.

This despicable crime follows the murder in cold blood of another 
colleague ,  enforced disappearances of 1st Vice President Boniface 
Twagirimana in October 2018 and of Mrs. Illuminee Iragena in March 2016, 
feared dead. Nine other members of FDU-Inkingi are languishing in prison 
without trial for more than a year in violation of existing Rwandan 
laws. It is very strange that several dissidents have been found dead 
inside Rwanda and in exile in unsolved cases in recent years. It is 
worth recalling the case of André Kagwa Rwisereka, another opposition 
politician, who was found dead with his head nearly severed just a month 
before the 2010 presidential vote.

As Human Rights Watch rightly points out, by accepting “the normality” 
of human abuses in Rwanda for political or economic reasons, the donors 
and the international community in general may be “contributing to the 
conditions that will produce the very repetition of bloody violence in 
Rwanda”. By commission funders of the regime are aiding violence because 
their aid frees up resources for the Rwandan government to use in its 
military adventures against neighbours, in buying military hardware to 
intimidate neighbours, in repression within and across borders against 
critics and luxury life style of President Kagame instead of investing 
the resources in projects that profit the people.

The tyranny meted on the Rwandan population is well documented by 
governments and institutions that give aid to Rwanda. For example the US 
report on human rights highlight that “the most significant human rights 
issues included:  arbitrary killings and politically motivated 
disappearances by security forces; torture and other cruel, inhuman, or 
degrading treatment or punishment by security forces; harsh and 
life-threatening prison and detention center conditions; arbitrary 
arrest; security forces’ disregard for the rule of law; prolonged 
pre-trial detention; infringement on citizens’ privacy rights and on 
freedoms of speech, assembly, and association; restrictions on and 
harassment of media and some local and international nongovernmental 
organizations (NGOs); restrictions on freedom to participate in the 
political process and the ability to change government through free and 
fair elections; harassment, arrest, and abuse of political opponents, 
human rights advocates, and individuals perceived to pose a threat to 
government control of social order; trafficking in persons; and 
restrictions on labor rights”.

The Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative (2009) rightly points out, the 
regime “uses the constitution opportunistically as a façade, which hides 
the exclusionary and repressive nature of the regime; relies on power 
structures that sometimes run parallel to, and sometimes cross-cuts the 
formal government and in which the army plays a central role”. Rwanda is 
considered by Freedom House report 2018, Human Rights Watch reported 
torture by security agents including “sleep deprivation, sensory 
deprivation, starvation, extraction of fingernails, electric shocks, 
scalding, melting of plastic bags over the head, suffocation, burning or 
branding, beating, and simulated drowning through confinement in 
cisterns filled with rainwater”.

The risks for such a tyranny are well known. The victors of the 2nd 
world war as contained in the preamble to the universal declaration of 
human rights namely that: “it is essential, if man is not to be 
compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against 
tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the 
rule of law”.

UN Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and 
of association, Maina Kiai, rightly pointed out in his June 2014 address 
to the Human Rights Council saying that, “a society without room for 
critical voices to speak freely and peacefully is unsustainable”.
Aid donors can stop the descent to hell. Aid suspension succeeded in 
stopping the Rwandan repressive regime from maintaining its support to 
the murderous M23 rebels.  The key aid donors UK, USA and EU should 
suspend their aid to a tyrant until he opens the political space and 
accepts dialogue with the genuine political opposition that wants 
peaceful change.

The FDU-Inkingi call on the international community and on all peace, 
loving people to rein on President Kagame to stop terrorising his own 
people. We demand an independent enquiry in the murder of Anselme 
Mutuyimana. We don’t trust the outcome of an enquiry carried by the 
state organs like RIB that are mere tools of repression.
By supporting a tyrannical regime unconditionally, aid donors are aiding 
violence and taking heavy responsibility in accelerating Rwanda’s 
descent into hell again

Done in Rouen March 15, 2019

Theophile Mpozembizi
FDU-Inkingi Commissioner for Communications
[email protected][email protected]