Jeannette Nyiramongi Kagame yujuje imyaka 50

Yavutse tariki ya 10 Kanama 1962 n’ukuvuga ko tariki ya 10 Kanama 2012 yujuje imyaka 50.

Uyu mubyeyi dore ko afite abana batanu, agaragara mu bikorwa byinshi bigaragarira amaso ya bamwe ko ari byiza ariko hari n’ibindi bitari byiza biba byihishe inyuma y’ibi bikorwa. Ntabwo dushatse kwivanga mu buzima bwe bwite ngo tumutake cyangwa tumushyire ku karubanda ku munsi w’amavuko ye.

Ubwanditsi bw’urubuga The Rwandan rumwifurije isabukuru nziza y’igice cy’ikinyejana amaze avutse ariko tunamusaba kureba kure akareba amaherezo y’ubuzima bwe buri imbere kuri we, umugabo we n’abana be.  Ibyo bishatse kuvuga ko iyi sabukuru yagombye kumubera igihe cyo gutekereza ku buzima buri imbere akagerageza kwikosora no kugerageza kubwiza umugabo we ukuri (ntabwo yumva ariko azagerageze) ko arimo gushora u Rwanda mu manga nawe atisize n’umuryango we.

Uyu mubyeyi yavukiye mu buhungiro none se yaba yifuza kuzagwa no mu buhungiro? Nabwo yaba agize amahirwe kuko umugabo we afite abanzi benshi. Niba atifitiye imbabazi nta n’imbabazi afitiye abana be?

Hari amakuru menshi avuga ko uyu mubyeyi afite uruhare runini n’ububasha bwinshi mu gufata ibyemezo byinshi kandi biba bitanogeye abanyarwanda ndetse bimwe bibagirira nabi, ubamba isi ntakurura, yagombye kwibuka ko Elena Ceaușescu, umufasha wa Nicolae Ceaușescu wari Perezida wa Rumaniya yarasanywe n’umugabo we kuri noheli y’1989, ndumva yarabonye amafoto ya Simone Gbagbo, umufasha wa Laurent Gbagbo wari umukuru wa Côte d’Ivoire n’abandi ntarondoye.

Abirirwa bamwita First Lady bamubeshya ngo baramukunda akora neza, nibo bazaba aba mbere mu bamutera imigeri cyangwa bamushinja ibyo yakoze ndetse banamuhimbira ibyo atakoze. Igihe kiracyahari cyo kureba ko yashobora gukiza ibigishobora gukizwa.

Kuzishora mu muriro ngo agiye kuba agakingirizo k’umugabo we mu gihe byaba byananiranye kongera za manda bizaba nko kwishyira mu kagozi kandi n’ubundi atari yorohewe.

Isabukuru nziza First Lady!

Ubwanditsi

9 COMMENTS

  1. Nonese iyosabukuru imugejeje kuki ubugizi bwanabi kwica nokunywa amaraso yabanyarwanda nabaturanyi bibihuhu bituranyi gusa jyewe numva kagame adakuna urubyarorwe Ese buriya abobana bazerekerahe nabo bagomba kwicwa tukareba ko ntamaraso bava nkabana bacu barumuna bacu bakuru bacu ese nyiramonge murutubarwe ahari yapfakara akababara komama yapfakaye
    Nonese abanabe bapfa yababara ko mama abe bishwe nzabandora nimba nkiriho cape town.

  2. Igihe naganiraga na Nzirorera hariya iwanjye i Rambura (Nubwo inzu yanjye bayirituye yose,Mitsindo areba),yamwiye ko uyu Mudame adufitiye umwana. Iyi myaka yujuje ntakiri umwana, nazane uwo mwana mu bandi. Nako nabe amwihorereye iyo ari isyanga, wenda azabara inkuru.

  3. Happy vary fist lady palacide we ufite amagambo mabi atubaka asenya yokwanga abantu kugiti cyabo so uvuga narumunabe no kagame wabishe esenumugore we reka ubugaryi nokubeshyera rubanda abanyarwanda ntimwigishwa namateka ahobukera humans muzayituka rebankuyumunyamaku ngugira abantu inama ahubwo abibamo undwango ntawe muzongera gushuka byarangiye sha

  4. Ingoma nyiginya (ntutsi) mu Rwanda

    Abatutsi bageze mu Rwanda baturutse mu Bugande (Nkole) bakurikiye inka zabo zashakaga ubwatsi. Aho bahingukiye ni mu Mubali w’Abazigaba himye yo umwami bise KABEJA nk’uko tumaze kubibona, maze abakira neza barinjira ; barakomeza bagera ahiswe i Gasabo kuri Muhazi (U Rwanda rwa mbere rwa Gasabo) ni uko baratura. Maze bigana abahutu nabo bashyiraho ingoma yabo bimika umwami wabo GIHANGA (cyahanze inka n’ingoma !) kandi bakora progaramu yo kwigarurira ingoma z’Abahutu maze bakiharira ubutegetsi mu Rwanda rugengwa n’ingoma imwe igenda yigarurira izindi buhoro buhoro. Uwo mugambi bawugezeho muw’i 1912 babifashijwemo n’Abazungu. Ibintu byarahindutse cyane mu mibereho y’abantu kuva icyo gihe, ubuzima bwari bushingiye k’ubuhake. Abahutu bagizwe abaja b’Abatutsi, bakabakorera imirimo yose kugira ngo bashobore gukomeza kubaho. Abaja bagabirwaga inka (gutizwa) bahindukaga abagaragu b’Abatutsi (se buja = shebuja). Umugaragu rero (serviteur) wari umeze nk’imfungwa yumubeshejeho ariwe shebuja. Niwe mu rurimi rw’igifaransa bita esclave. Mucyo twakwita itegeko nshinga ry’ingoma nyiginya (ubwiru) ubwami bwari bushingiye ku moko abiri (clans) : Abanyiginya babyaraga umwami, Abega bakabyara umugabekazi (nyina w’umwami).Dore uko byavugwaga mu gisigo :

    « Irabahetse ingoma yacu,
    Ihora yambaye abahinza,
    Abanyiginya bayibyarira imfizi,
    Abega bakayibyarira insumba »

    Muri ubwo butegetsi, umwami (souverain) yari nyir’u Rwanda (propriétaire exclusif du Rwanda). Abagore bose n’abana babo bari ab’umwami, Abanyarwanda bose bakaba ingabo ze (sujets du roi). Umwami yari afite ububasha bwo kwica no gukiza ; yarutaga abantu bose « Umwami si umuntu, ni umwami ». Umwami yavukaga ari umwami, baramwereje, yavukanaga imbuto.

    Mu itegeko nshinga ry’ingoma nyiginya harimo amazina 5 y’ubwami yerekanaga ibyo abayitwa bagombaga gukora. Amazina y’abami bapfaga bishwe yavuyeho. Ayo ni NSORO, NDAHIRO na RUGANZU.

    Dore amazina yagumyeho:

    MUTARA naCYILIMA : abami b’inka.
    KIGELI na MIBAMBWE : abami b’intambara.
    YUHI : umwami w’umuriro (pérennité de la dynastie).Umwami witwaga atyo ntiyashoboraga kwambuka Nyabarongo, yabaga mu Nduga ubuzima bwe bwose. Mu mateka, YUHI MUSINGA niwe wambutse urwo ruzi abitegetswe n’Abazungu ngo abitabe i Kigali.
    Ayo mazina yakurikiranaga kuri ubu buryo :

    A. MUTARA – KIGELI – MIBAMBWE – YUHI akabyara CYILIMA.
    B. CYILIMA – KIGELI – MIBAMBWE – YUHI akabyara MUATRA, bityo bityo.
    Ikindi ni uko abami bitwaga MUTARA, CYILIMA na YUHI bagombaga byanze bikunze kuvuka ku bagore b’abegakazi nk’uko ubwiru bwabiteganyaga. Ibi byagize ingaruka mbi kenhsi mu butegetsi bwa cyami hagati y’Abega n’Abanyiginya.

    Umunsi umwe umugabekazi NYIRAMAVUGO II NYIRAMONGI w’umwegakazi yabajije umuhungu we MUTARA II RWOGERA impamvu Abega batabyara umwami. Umwami yaje gusaba abiru kubimusobanurira n’ubwo byaziraga bwose. Umugabekazi amaze kumenya ibanga ararahira avuga ko atazapfa atabonye umwami w’umwega. Ni uko Mutara amaze gutanga nyina yanga kwiyahura ngo amukirikire nk’uko byagendaka maze bagomba kumubuganizamo amata ku ngufu kugira ngo nawe atange.

    MUTARA yaje gusimburwa na KIGELI IV RWABUGIRI maze Abega bakomeye barimo RWAKAGARA n’abana be barigaragaza batangira gushakisha uko umwega yazaba umwami. Bakoze uko bashoboye kugira ngo umwana w’umukobwa witwaga KANJOGERA ka RWAKAGARA mushiki wa KABARE, ariko badahuje nyina, ajye kuba i bwami kugira ngo umwami azamurongore. Ibyo rero ni byo byabaye. Icyo bikora bavuga ko umwami KIGELI IV RWABUGIRI atabyaraga ; abana yari afite bari « enfants adoptifs ». Twibukiranye ko abagore bose bari ab’umwami. Iyo yabengukaga umugore ufite umugabo, yamuzanaga n’urubyaro rwe rwose. Urugero ni nka RUTARINDWA rwa GACINYA wazanye na nyina NYIRABURUNGA.

    Maze kugira ngo umunsi hazabeho umwami w’umwega, bavuga ko KANJOGERA yasambanye na musaza we KABARE bakabyarana umwana w’umuhungu witwa MUSINGA. Aha ndagira ngo twibukiranye ko iyo ikigamijwe ari ubutegetsi (pouvoir) nta kizira kibaho ; ibintu byose bishobora gukorwa kugira ngo igishakwa kigerweho. Kuri ibyo bongeraho ko RWABUGIRI yaje kumenya ayo mahano agakona KABARE. Umwami RWABUGIRI ajya gutanga ingoma yayiraze umuhungu we « adoptif » RUTARINDWA wiswe MIBAMBWE IV maze KANJOGERA nawe amubera umugabekazi ku izina rya NYIRAMIBAMWE IV kubera ko nyina NYIRABURUNGA yari yarishwe na RWABUGIRI kubera amatiku y’i bwami.

    Byagenze bite kugira ngo amwice?

    MURORUNKWERE wa MITARI ari we nyina wa RWABUGIRI yari atuye i Mbirima na Matovu. Yaje gucyekwaho ko atwite kandi kizira (nta n’ubwo yashoboraga gushaka undi mugabo). Iyo nda ngo yari iy’umuhutu witwaga SERUTEGANYA. Abantu barimo NNYIRABURUNGA, umugore wa RWABUGIRI nyina wa RUTARINDWA akaba n’umwisengeneza wa MURORUNKWERE, baje kubyemeza umwami bati : « Ko inzoka yizingiye ku gisabo bigende bite ? ». RWABUGIRI yahise akura amaboko kuri nyina ati : « Nimugende mwice inzoka, n’igisabo nigishaka kimeneke. » Bahise bagaba igitero i Mbirima na Matovu bajya kwica Seruteganya n’uko na Murorunkwere agwa muri iyo ntambara.

    Nyuma baje kubaga MURORUNKWERE basanga baramubeshyeraga atari atwite. RWABUGIRI yarababaye cyane maze ahorera nyina ku buryo atatinye kwica umugore we NNYIRABURUNGA n’ubwo yari nyina wa RUTARINDWA wagombaga kuzaba umwami (ibyo byaje kugira ingaruka mbi kuri RUTARINDWA wimye adafite nyina).

    Umwami RUTARINDWA yaguye ku Rucunshu yishwe n’Abega kugirango bagere ku byo bari bariyemeje kuva hambere. MIBAMBWE IV RUTARINDWA yasimbuwe na YUHI V MUSINGA. Nyina KANJOGERA utaranyoye (se suicider) nyuma y’urupfu rwa RUTARINDWA amubera umubera umugabekazi yitwa NYIRAYUHI V.

    Ukwima kwa MUSINGA kwateye ibibazo :

    RUTARINDWA yaje kwicirwa ku Rucunshu bamutwikiye mu nzu n’abe bose. Ingoma y’ingabe « Kalinga » nayo yarahiye irashanguka. Kugira ngo impagarara zihoshe, KABARE, (musaza wa KANJOGERA) yafashe MUSINGA abwira rubanda ati : « Ntimugire impagarara dore umwami ». Rubanda iti : « Biragenda bite ko ingoma y’ingabe Kalinga yari iriho ko yahiye ». KABARE yerekana ko ntangorane agira ati : « Haguma umwami ingoma irabazwa ». Kubera ko MUSINGA yari akiri muto, KABARE niwe wategetse mu kigwi cye (assurer la régence) maze abantu bakavuga ko umwami MUSINGA ari umwega koko.

    MUSINGA amaze kugimbuka rero, yerekanye ko ari umunyiginya mwene RWABUGIRI. Yaje gutuma umutwa ngo afate igikeri (umwega), akice, akibage, maze uruhu rwacyo arubambe mu irembo aho KABARE n’abandi bose banyura. KABARE ahanyuze akubitwa n’inkuba ajya kubibwira mushiki we KANJOGERA. Ni uko nawe ajya kubaza umuhungu we niba azi uwakoze ibyo. Musinga amubwira ko ari we wabigize. Ni bwo KANJOGERA amubajije ati : « Mwana wanjye,wabitewe ni iki ? ». Undi ati : « Nihoreye ku wo nshyikiriye ». Ni uko KANJOGERA abwira KABARE ati: « Umwana yakuze ! ». Kuva ubwo Abega n’Abanyiginya bari bashyamiranye bashobora no kwicana iyo hataba abazungu. Urugero : dore ukuntu umwega yasekaga MUSINGA aba i Kamembe :

    MUSINGA amaze gukurwa k’ubwami n’abazungu agasimburwa n’umuhungu we RUDAHIGWA, yaciriwe i Cyangugu kugira ngo abakomezaga ku muyoboka bacibwe intege n’urugendo rurerure bagombaga gukora ngo bamugereho. Ibyo ariko ntibyabujije bamwe muri bene wabo kujya kumusura.Bamwe mu Bega baziranaga n’Abanyiginya bajyaga kumushinyagurura. Umunsi umwe, RWAGATARAKA rwa RWIDEGEMBYA rwa CYIGENZA (MUSINGA yari mubyara wa RWIDEGEMBYA), wari shefu mu Kinyaga yagennye kumusura maze ajyana n’umuhutu bahuriye mu nzira yiviriye guhinga. RWAGATARAKA yabwiye uwo muhutu uko bari bubigenze bageze imbere y’uwahoze ari « Umwami Nyagasani ». Yagize ati : « Nitugerayo ndabanza muramutse. Nyuma nawe uze umuramutse uti : « Uraho MUSINGA ! Ni akubaza uwo uri we, umusubize uti : « Ndi RWABUGIRI ! ». Bageze yo bigenda uko babisezeranye. Wa muhutu yagize ati : « Uraho MUSINGA ? ». MUSINGA ati : « iii yego ! » maze amukomeza intoki agira ati : « Ariko sinkumenye ! » Wa muhutu ati : « Ndi RWABUGIRI ! » MUSINGA arahaguruka, aramuhobera cyane ati : « Mama RWANGAKUGWABIRA rwa MUGENZA ! Yooo ! Ni wowe uzutse usa utyo ? ». N’uko MUSINGA arahindukira areba RWAGATARAKA aramubwira ati : « Koko abapadiri barabivuze, ngo abapfuye bazazuka ! RWANGAKUGWABIRA wari mwiza bitangaje none akaba azutse asa atya, se sha, nka so, RWIDEGEMBYA azutse twamuhungira he ! » MUSINGA yarakomeje agira ati : « Yewe, ngicyo icyambujije kubatizwa » !

    Ku ngoma ya MUTARA III RUDAHIGWA, Abanyiginya n’Abega bahoraga bahanganye bokoroshywa n’uko u Rwanda rwategekwaga n’Abazungu. Ibyo byagejeje muri 1959. Ikindi ni uko ku ngoma y’Abanyiginya, iyo havukaga ikibazo kirebana na politiki yo hejuru, urupfu ni rwo rwakoreshwaga kugira ngo igisubizo cyiza gishobore kuboneka.

    Mu gihe u Rwanda rwashakaga kwigarurira gihugu kindi boherezaga umucengeri muri icyo gihugu, akicirwayo, amaraso ye agatera icyo gihugu gutsindwa. Umwami RUGANZU I BWIMBA yatabaye mu Gisaka habuze undi ujyayo yirwayo akurikira mushiki we wari wiyishe ari umugore w’umwami w’i Gisaka.

    Ibibazo umwami atashoboraga gukemura byatumaga yiyahura kugira ngo asimburwe n’ushobora kubirwanya. Nk’uko bizwi, MUTARA III RUDAHIGWA niwe wakoze ibyo muri 1959. Icyo gihe Abahutu bari berekanye ko batishimiye imibereho yabo ku ngoma ya cyami kandi ari rubanda nyamwinshi babeshejeho igihugu.

    Twibutse ko Abazungu bageze mu Rwanda ntacyo babihinduyeho ahubwo bashyize mu mategeko yanditse ibintu uko babisanze, bijya no mu ndangamuntu. Icyo bikora muri 1955 ni bwo Abazungu bategetse umwami gukuraho ubuhake maze umugaragu na shebuja bakagabana inka bari bahurijweho n’ubuhake. Ni uko muri 1957, Abahutu bashyira ahagaragara icyifuzo cyabo cyo kugira uburenganzira busesuye nk’ubw’Abatutsi mu gihugu cyabo (Manifeste des Bahutu). Maze muri 1958 Abatutsi bagize Inama nkuru y’igihugu iyobowe n’umwami MUTARA III RUDAHIGWA bemeza ko nta kintu Abatutsi basangiye n’Abahutu, ko abavandimwe ari bo basangira, ko ubwo rero ibintu (situation) bigomba kuguma uko biri.

    Ubwo rero KIGELI V NDAHINDURWA amaze kwima baratangiye bica buhoro buhoro Abahutu b’ingenzi. Ni uko taliki ya 01/11/1959 bakubita umuhutu Dominiko MBONYUMUTWA, bashaka kumwica, akizwa n’Imana. Ni uko icyo gikorwa gituma bahagurukira rimwe mu Rwanda hose, maze ibuntu birahinduka neza. Ni yo Révolution yo muri 1959. Ubutegetsi bwahinduye isura, abashefu n’abasushefu (tutsi) bavuyeho basimburwa n’aba bourgmestres. Umwami KIGELI V arananirwa arahunga, ava mu gihugu. Kuri 28/01/1961, abatowe bateranira i Gitarama bemeza ko ubwami buvuyeho, u Rwanda rubaye Repubulika, maze batora Perezida wa Repubulika Dominiko MBONYUMUTWA maze bashyiraho n’izindi nzego nkuru z’ubutegetsi.

    Nyuma habaye amatora na Kamarampaka (référendum), Abanyarwanda bakuraho ubwami babusimbuza Repubulika maze igihugu gihabwa ubwigenge kuwa 01/07/1962. Ni uko abaturage, Abanyarwanda mu gihugu cy’igenga bareka kuba ingabo z’umwami baba icyo mu rurimi rw’igifaransa bita « peuple souverain », bahagarariwe kandi bayobowe na Perezida Geregori KAYIBANDA n’abadepite mu Nteko inshinga amategeko bitoreye.

LEAVE A REPLY

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.